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Parte 1: Las Mujeres y la Seguridad Económica

Part 1: Women and Financial Security

by Monica Steinisch

Many women feel financially insecure--despite their advancements in education, earning power, and wealth-according to a 2006 survey by Minneapolis-based Allianz Life Insurance. According to responses, 90% of women felt somewhat or not at all financially secure. Almost half the women said they had a fear of losing all their money and becoming a bag lady--homeless and destitute. Roughly the same percentage of women earning more than $100,000 a year had the same fear.

While some worries might be labeled as irrational--the ranks of the homeless are not populated in great numbers by women who once had six-figure incomes--money anxieties are a red flag that you shouldn't ignore. Unaddressed money fears--even unfounded ones--can prevent you from taking control of your finances, making the best choices, and achieving peace of mind.

Lack of confidence, participation at the root of money fears

Olivia Mellan, co-author of "Money Shy to Money Sure: A Woman's Road Map to Financial Well-Being" and a psychotherapist specializing in resolving money conflicts, says "many women have been programmed to think that they won't be good at this money stuff." She cites a survey of high-school students that supports that theory. When asked how good they were at math and money, the boys assessed themselves as "pretty good," while the girls assessed themselves as "not very good." In fact, both groups knew the same amount about money, but the girls lacked confidence.

This lack of confidence, along with what Mellan cites as a naturally higher aversion to risk, may be the reason many women are quite willing to avoid a hands-on role in managing their finances.

Although the Allianz data refute the notion that many women are Cinderellas waiting for a man to come along and take care of them (only 8% of survey respondents identified themselves as such), experts in the field say that that is exactly what they see.

"We have a white knight thing," says Carol Ann Wilson, a Certified Financial Planner® (CFP) and certified financial divorce practitioner® based in Longmont, Colorado. "I see so often women who are not interested in financial issues--they don't even know what their husband earns." Barbara Stanny, the daughter of one of the founders of tax preparation service H&R Block, wrote a book on just this subject. In "Prince Charming Isn't Coming: How Women Get Smart About Money," Stanny admits relying first on her father and then on her husband to manage her money. Forced by a crisis to finally take control of her finances, Stanny discourages women from ever handing over complete financial control to someone else--or even subscribing to the idea that someone or something will come along to rescue them financially. Even a seemingly innocent daydream of winning the lottery becomes a problem if it leads you to put your financial future in the hands of fate.

Are your fears reasonable?

While nearly half of women worry about becoming a bag lady, not many of them have reason to lose sleep. The odds of Katie Couric, who Mellan says has admitted to having a bag lady fear, actually living on the streets someday, are slim.

On the other hand, some women really do have cause for concern: 75% of the elderly poor are women. Depending on which statistics you look at, the divorce rate is approximately fifty percent. And the average age of widowhood is 56 (women typically outlive men by six to eight years). Add to these statistics the fact that an at-home mom may no longer have the job skills to earn a living, and becoming a bag lady, or at least experiencing a dramatic change in lifestyle, looks, if not likely, is at least possible.

In her book, "Money, A Memoir: Women, Emotions, and Cash," Liz Perle, a former publishing executive, recounts just how easy it can be for an intelligent woman to relinquish financial control to her husband--something she calls "voluntary blindness." After her marriage suddenly ended, she found herself a single mom at 42 with no job, no home, and almost everything of value--including the credit card she carried--in her husband's name.

To help her clients determine if their anxieties are rational or irrational, Mellan has them write down their fears and consider what they would do in each worst-case scenario. Afraid of life after divorce? The time to figure out what assets you would retain and how you would support yourself is while you're still happily married. Once you know what you're facing, you either can relax and stop worrying, or you can make conscious choices over the years that will protect and prepare you if the worst should happen.

It's equally important for single women to go through the same analysis. For example, if you became disabled and couldn't work, how would you pay your bills? Do you have disability insurance through your employer or independently? If the answer is no, you have reason to be concerned. You also have the information you need to take action and quiet your fears: Get disability coverage, set up an emergency fund, and then stop worrying.

Sheila Peters, author of "You Don't Have to Be a Bag Lady!: A Humorous Survival Guide for the Reluctant Investor," thinks it pays to go to a fee-based financial planner to get an "impartial reality check" from a professional.

"You need to get an objective viewpoint," says Peters, who sees a financial planner herself despite being an active member of an investment club. With that, you'll know if you're worrying for nothing--or if you're enjoying a false sense of security.

Part two of this series, published in July 2012, offers steps you can take now to overcome these fears.

Published 7-12-2012.

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